The origin of the Napoleon cat comes from the cross between the Munchkin cat and the Persian cat. It has very short legs due to the achondroplasia that this breed suffers from, which consists of shorter legs than normal due to the mutation of the dominant gene that shortens the bones, although this does not compromise the strength they have in these extremities.


Breed Origin:
Life Span:
9 - 15+ years
Average Weight:
5 - 7 lbs
Hair quantity:
General health:

Origin and History

The Napoleon breed was developed by Basset Hound breeder Joe Smith in the early 1990s. Smith aimed to create a breed that featured the short legs of the Munchkin and the luxurious coat and sweet facial structure of the Persian. The International Cat Association (TICA) recognized the Napoleon/Minuet in 2015, acknowledging it as a unique and distinct breed.

Physical Characteristics

Napoleon cats are characterized by their short, sturdy legs and a round, open face that exudes sweetness and charm. They come in two coat lengths: long and short. The long-haired variety boasts a luxurious, flowing coat reminiscent of the Persian, while the short-haired variety has a plush, dense coat. Their eyes are large, round, and expressive, often described as giving them an eternally youthful appearance. Despite their short stature, Napoleons are well-balanced and move with surprising agility and grace.

Personality and Temperament

Napoleon cats are known for their affectionate, gentle, and sociable nature. They thrive on human companionship and are known to follow their owners from room to room, participating in daily activities. Their playful side emerges in their love for toys and interactive play, though they are just as content to curl up in a warm lap for a nap. Napoleons are intelligent and can be trained to perform simple tricks or walk on a leash, making them versatile companions for all kinds of households.

Care and Health

Given their Persian heritage, Napoleon cats with longer coats require regular grooming to prevent matting and keep their fur in pristine condition. Even the short-haired variety benefits from occasional brushing. As with any breed, maintaining good dental hygiene, a healthy diet, and regular veterinary check-ups are crucial for their well-being. Their short legs do not typically hinder their mobility or health, but it’s important to ensure they maintain a healthy weight to avoid undue stress on their joints.

Living with a Napoleon

Napoleon cats are adaptable and can do well in various living environments, from quiet apartments to bustling family homes. They get along well with children and other pets, especially if raised together or properly introduced. Their calm demeanor and loving nature make them excellent companions for those seeking a cat that truly enjoys being part of the family. Whether playing fetch, learning new tricks, or simply relaxing by your side, Napoleon cats are sure to bring joy and affection into any home.

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